The Gummarp Stone  


The location of the Gummarp stone is not known nowadays. The stone, which also was known as the Gommor Stone, was lost in Copenhagen in 1728. Luckily, however, there exist some preserved drawings of the stone. One of those drawings is shown above to the left. From the drawings of the stone it is possible to reconstruct the actual runic inscription of the stone, as is shown above to the right.


The Meaning of the Gummarp Inscription

From a careful analysis it can be concluded that the runes of the Gummarp inscription are to be understood in the following way (with exaggerated distances between words):

Transliterated the inscription can be written as:

h-A-þ-u w o-l-a f-a
u s-t-A b-A-þ r-h-a-k
fe fe fe

Please click on the words in the transliteration above in order to see a corresponding Hebrew or Aramaic word for each Runic word!

Just like all of the other known ancient runic inscriptions from Blekinge the Gummarp inscription can fairly easily be interpreted as a Semitic text whose language is closely related to Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic. We can thus write it by means of the Hebrew script in the following way:

The meaning of this is:

The joy and strength cleaves
and (then) declines (from) the dear (or "distant") girl
delightfully (or "watery").

An alternative translation of the last three Fé runes could be "richness, richness, richness", since the Fé rune is said to symbolise riches. The Hebrew letter Fe, and the word "FeH", however means "mouth" and "opening" which is its main signification. It therefore seems reasonable to associate also the Fé rune with an opening. Since there are three Fé runes in a row on the Gummarp stone, and since the triangle have been associated with the female pudenda in Semitic fertility cult, it is therefore reasonable to translate the last three runes of the Gummarp inscription by "pudenda".

For general information about the language of the ancient Blekinge inscriptions, please click here.


The Gematria of the Gummarp Inscription

The gematria of the Gummarp inscription is summarised in the table below. For an explanation of the numerical values of the runes, please click here.

The main thing to notice in the gematria of the Gummarp inscription is that the total gematrical sum of the whole inscription is equal to 343, i.e. 7󬱟. Even the number of runes is divisible by seven.